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DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.73.42906

SPECIFICS OF THE RUBA S FORTIFICATION’S TOPOGRAPHY AND LAYOUT (EASTERN CAUCASUS)

Gmyrya, Lyudmila B.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2019. IIS 34 (73).
Abstract:
The paper presents the latest material of excavations of the Rubas fortification – a monumental
defense complex of the mid-6th century, discovered in 2014 in the valley of the river Rubas, 20 km
south from Derbent (Darband). According to the main indicators (monumentality and functional
purpose), this object belongs to a set of defense lines that were erected by the Persians in the 5-6th
century in the Western Pre-Caspian region. In 2016‑2018 excavations of the construction of the
arched structure and the defensive wall were carried out. Features of topography and layout of the
fortification complex have been revealed. Defensive objects are located on the low bank of the river
Rubas (±41.93 m), at the level of the bottom of the river valley, perpendicular to its riverbeds. The
author suggests and reasons a number of versions, which makes it possible to reveal the strategic
objectives of the construction of the Rubas fortification, reflected in its layout. Consideration of the
stated issues contributes to the solution of both practical challenges for further study of the new archaeological
monument and the reconstruction of the international system of strategic defense in the
Eastern Caucasus during the early Middle Ages as a whole.
Keywords: Rubas fortification, main defensive wall, arched structure, defensive lines of the Western Pre-Caspian region of the VI century.
Language: English
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