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DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.73.43108

FACTORS FORMING THE EFFECTIVE ECONOMIC COOPERATION MECHANISM BETWEEN THE NORTH CAUCASUS AND IRAN: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Kulova, Margarita R.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2019. IIS 34 (73).
Abstract:
The article is devoted to the activation of economic cooperation between Russia and Iran in General,
and the North Caucasus and Iran in particular. Economic relations between Russia and Iran in
recent years are again considered by Russian politicians as very promising and relevant in the context
of geopolitical realities. The purpose of this work is to study the factors of the effective mechanism
of economic cooperation between Russia, including the North Caucasus, and Iran. The present study
uses General scientific methods of cognition, as well as historical and statistical methods. The history
of Russian-Iranian relations clearly shows that for nearly three centuries, starting with the Rasht
(1732) and Ganja (1735) treaties, the interrelation of political and economic aspects determined the
features of trade and economic relations between Russia and Iran, from the privileges of duty-free
trade of Russian merchants, loans and concessions of the tsarist government to large-scale plans of
bilateral Soviet-Iranian cooperation. The formation of effective mechanisms for economic cooperation
between Russia and Iran involves further political support for Russian-Iranian programs and
projects, improving the legal framework in the context of changes in customs legislation, granting
tax preferences to participants in joint Russian-Iranian projects and increasing the effectiveness of
institutions for the development of Russian-Iranian cooperation. The geostrategic status of the North
Caucasus within the framework of Russia’s spatial development Strategy until 2025 has a certain potential
to expand economic ties between Russia and Iran. The prospects of projects to establish joint
Russian-Iranian enterprises in the North Caucasus Federal district, in particular, to grow and export
grain and meat products to Iran, are linked to appropriate measures of state support. The successful
implementation of the North-South megaproject also implies the full use of the economic potential
of the North Caucasus.
Keywords: history, economic cooperation, foreign trade, effective mechanism, modernity.
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