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Izvestiya SOIGSI



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DOI: 10.46698/VNC.2021.79.40.009


Berberov, Burkhan A.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2021. IIS 40 (79).
The relevance of this article is due to the fact that today the riddle is the least studied
genre in the Karachay-Balkar science of folklore. Like any other folklore genre, the riddle, in
addition to its universal basis, also has ethnically marked features, predetermined by factors
of a geographical and historical order. The empirical material (over 1500 units) collected from
1909 to 2011 by the efforts of foreign and domestic ethnographers has not yet been subjected
to comprehensive scientific comprehension. The scientific novelty of the article lies in the fact
that the author for the first time explores ethnoculturally determined features of the Karachay-
Balkar riddle. The main goal is based on the theory of G.D. Gachev on the cosmo-psycho-logos
to identify and describe those specific poetological terms that make up the ontological essence of
the national riddle. To solve this problem, the following research methods are used in the work:
comparative-historical, system-structural, semiotic, as well as typologization, classification and
generalization. According to the results obtained, the ethnocultural specificity of the considered
riddles is primarily determined by the imperative of the mountain landscape, which produces a
large number of oronims (mountain, hill, rock) to characterize a person and the objects around
him. Secondly, almost all animalistic and vegetative images in national riddles are marked
with the sign of “endemicity”, that is, they are geographically tied to the North Caucasus. In
addition, a significant number of riddles are based on the conceptualization of ancient customs,
traditions, rituals, as a result of which archaisms and historicisms continue to be used in speech.
Keywords: ethnoculture, Karachay-Balkari riddle, oronyms, zoomorphic images, vegetative codification, mythologeme, archaism
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