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DOI: 10.46698/VNC.2022.82.43.010

TWO CONCEPTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL BEING IN THE ARTISTIC AND PHILOSOPHICAL COMPREHENSION OF OSSETIAN LITERATURE

Fidarova, Rima Ya.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2022. IIS 43 (82).
Abstract:
In the philosophical and aesthetic consciousness of Ossetians during the 19th – 20th centuries,
two concepts of the evolution of national existence were formed, which reflected two realities:
the one is an objective-ontological and the second is political-ideological. The essence of both
is determined by the logic of the socio-historical development of society. Objective-ontological
was formed in the 19th century within the paradigm of the philosophy of history of the Ossetian
educators, who advocated social and technical progress, the need to educate the highlanders,
the importance of developing the natural resources of the region, etc. The political-ideological
concept of the development of national existence was born and established after 1917. Its essence
lies in the underestimation of the objective-ontological concept, which contradicts the logic of
scientific truth, according to which the development of any object, phenomenon, idea occurs
in line with the successive connection of “everything with everything” and in particular with
prior experience. This concept explained all the successes in the development of society and
the state of the concrete reality of national existence not so much as the result of the operation
of the objective laws of social history, but as the rational activity of the Soviet government,
emphasizing the role of the Communist Party in the historical process. The political-ideological
concept had a powerful influence on the spiritual life of Ossetian society in the 20th century,
forming in the cultural consciousness of the people ideas about society only as a political and
ideological phenomenon. Such a concept was vividly reflected in Ossetian literature, thereby
determining the ideological orientation of socialist realism in it as an artistic method. She
showed the life of Soviet society exclusively in the light of “bright” socialist ideals, striving to
subordinate the reality of national existence to the political task of building communism as
the only way to achieve social progress, ideal, prosperity and happiness for all mankind. In the
last thirty years, as a result of democratic processes in the public consciousness and in such an
important area as philosophy, there has been a return to the objective ontological concept of the
evolution of national existence.
Keywords: society, ideology, Ossetian literature, educators, writers, hero, character
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