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DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.73.42907

SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY IN THE WESTERN CASPIAN REGION IN CONFRONTATION WITH ZOROASTRISM IN THE IV‑Vth CENTURIES

Gadzhimuradov, Murad T.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2019. IIS 34 (73).
Abstract:
The article is devoted to the history of the penetration and spread of Christianity in one of the
so-called «contact zones», namely in the Western Caspian region in the early medieval period. The
paper also describes the intensity of confrontation in this region between leading powers of the period
– the Iran of the Sassanid and Byzantine dynasty of the period of the Valentinian and Leonid
dynasties, as well as between their imperial religions – Zoroastrianism and Christianity, respectively.
The problem of the spread of Christianity in the region is considered in three aspects: geo-political,
ideological and military. Particular attention is paid to the activities of the first Christian missionaries
and the communities they led, as they had to go through terrible hardships in the struggle for
their faith.
Keywords: Eastern Caucasus, spread of Christianity, Byzantium, Sassanian Iran, Caucasian Albania, early Christian missionaries, Derbent, religious wars, ancient Christian churches in the Eastern Caucasus.
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