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DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.73.42912

CONSULAR SERVICES IN DIASPORA PROCESSES IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS (SECOND HALF OF THE XIXth – THE FIRST THIRD OF THE XXth CENTURY)

Kanukova, Zalina V. , Kalirad, Ali
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2019. IIS 34 (73).
Abstract:
Stabilization of Russian-Iranian relations in the middle of the XIXth century was largely associated
with the evolution of Russian diplomacy and the emergence of Persian consulates in the cities
of the North Caucasus. The article explores the role of consular services in diaspora processes using
the Persian community of Vladikavkaz as an example. In addition to its direct functions related to
the custody of migrants, issuing passports and other permits, facilitating the development of trade
contacts with Iran, the consulate promoted the formation of the community, facilitated the process
of adaptation of the Iranians in the host community. The article emphasizes the role of the consul
Dawood Khan Nazare, his initiatives aimed at implementing the basic regulatory and communication
functions in the Persian community, due to which the consulate, and not the temple, unlike in
other national communities, became the center of diaspora life. Based on the comparative analysis
of the materials of the Central State Archive of North Ossetia-Alania and the Centre for Documents
and the History of Iranian Diplomacy of Tehran, the features of the adaptation of the Persian community
to the local environment are revealed. The role of the consulate in preserving ethnic identity,
language, religion, and spiritual culture is investigated. The mechanisms of transmitting the traditional
Iranian values to the younger generation are identified, which include, in the first place, the
Vladikavkaz Russian-Persian new method school, the only one in the North Caucasus. This educational
institution resulted from the reform of Islamic education by the Tatar enlightener Ismail Bey
Gasprinsky and was in the best interests of the Iranians living in the diaspora, it was fulfilling two
parallel functions: preserving the ethnic identity of the younger generation of the Iranian migrants
and educating a new Russian Muslim who could be best incorporated into the public cultural environment
of the North Caucasus and Russia.
Keywords: Persian community, consulate, migration, upbringing and Islamic education, new method school, exo-cultural environment.
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