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DOI: 10.23671/VNC.2019.73.43113

ON SPIRITUAL ESSENCE IN THE VIEWS OF THE IRANIANS AND THE OSSETIANS

Besolova, Elena B.
Izvestia SOIGSI. 2019. IIS 34 (73).
Abstract:
The philosophy of death, as well as the philosophy of life, in the system of religious views of
the ancient societies is both mysterious and dominant, and this determines the similarity of some
religious ideas of the Iranians and the Ossetians, testifying to the idea of close connection between
life and death, and to the immortality of the soul and eternal life. All the means used in the funeral
rite comply with the task: to interpret the heartbreaking phenomenon, to make this stable layer of
traditional spiritual culture as clear and recognizable as possible. The researchers have noted so far,
that the sense of community is significantly enhanced during the obligatory rituals and ceremonies
associated with the cult of ancestors and remembrance of the souls of the dead, as well as the belief
in reunion with them after death. Moreover, the Iranians have always believed that the souls of
dead ancestors attend all holidays and celebrations, where they rejoice with the living. Novruz is
celebrated in Iran, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, which confirms the presumption of S. P. Tolstov,
that the relations of the peoples of Central Asia with the Near Eastern ethnographic world go back
to pre-Indo-European antiquity. The article considers one of the aspects of the funeral rite – the cult
of veneration of ancestors, which is more resistant than religious views. The attempt is undertaken
to find convergence between the New Year (Novruz) and the holidays of veneration of the deceased
ancestors of the Iranians and the Ossetians, as well as to identify the relationship between the cult of
the Fravas and the cult of the dying and resurrecting nature.
Keywords: personification of the soul, cult of ancestors, urvan, ud, fravashi, afterlife, dualism, cult of dying and resurrecting nature
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